Multilingual Christmas

I am lucky to have a pretty multilingual family, so it happened that Christmas carols this year were in German, Spanish and Latin as well as English. There is something really mind-blowing to me about hearing familiar songs in other languages, about all the different ways people have of celebrating the same holiday.

In that vein, here’s a collection of some holiday songs in various languages

Stille Nacht – Silent Night in German

3eid al Leil – Silent Night in Arabic

Sung by the amazing Fairuz (a Lebanese singer famous and well-loved all over the Arab world. In Egypt and the Sham anyways, the tradition is cafe’s play Fairuz in the morning and Oum Kalthoum at night). I hadn’t actually realized she was a Christian, but she is.

Es ist für uns eine Zeit angekommen – Unto Us a Time Has Come

We don’t actually have this song in English, as far as I know, or if we do, it’s not one of the best known ones, but it still sounds vaguely similar. I assume this is because the style of the music comes from a similar place.

Adeste Fideles – O Come All Ye Faithful

My grandmother used to love the Latin version. Like a number of other Christmas carols, O Come all Ye Faithful was actually written and sung originally in Latin and later translated into English and other languages.

Kinna Nizayin Shajra Saghira – God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen in Arabic (sort of)

The interesting thing with Fairuz’s versions is that they’re mostly not translations so much as they are new Christmas songs using the same tunes, so for example, Kinna Nizayin Shajra Saghira means We all Were Decorating a Little Tree, and goes on a bit about the tree and making it pretty, and bells and things, and there’s pretty much no mention of Merry Gentlemen and saving straying sinners from Satan.

El niño del tambor – The Little Drummer Boy in Spanish

This one is American specifically, and was translated into Spanish. A lot of the translated English/European carols are popular in Latin America. But of course the Spanish language also has it’s own carols that originated in Spanish. Por exemplo…

Los Peces En El Rio – The Fishes in the River

This song is a villancico, which is a style of music/poetry that was popular in the Iberian peninsula late 1400’s – late 1700’s. The word apparently now means specifically Christmas carols because the villancico is really a current form for other topics anymore.

If you’re not into the 80’s version, the Gypsy Kings do a pretty cool version too:

Cancion del Adios – Auld Lang Syne in Spanish

Auld Lang Syne is originally in Scots, which is a medieval Scottish language still spoken by some Scottish people, though not so many anymore. As an aside, the Wikipedia article on Scots reminded me of the debate about the influence of English on Arabic and the use of colloquial Arabic, as Scots has been mostly replaced by English. E.g. the Scottish Department of Education’s policy was that “”…it is not the language of ‘educated’ people anywhere, and could not be described as a suitable medium of education or culture”.

Back to the song – it has been translated into a large number of different languages and seems to have taken on different meanings and functions in different places. For example, in Chile the Spanish version is sung at graduations (like this video), funerals and almost anytime someone is leaving and is kind of a farewell song, whereas in the U.S. it’s almost exclusively a New Year’s song. The Wikipedia page for the song has a fascinating rundown of versions of the song sung in 20 different countries and the different contexts in which people sing it. This is one of the reasons I love Wikipedia. It is not entirely reliable, but it has a wealth of information about popular culture around the world and things generally considered insignificant by the makers of formal encyclopedias.

Purano Sei Diner Kotha – Auld Lang Syne in Bengali

Skuld gammel venskab rejn forgo (Auld Lang Syne)

Hotaru no Hikari – Auld Lang Syne in Japanese

I actually think this version is prettier, but the words are hard to distinguish

After spending several glorious hours playing around on YouTube with different versions of songs in various languages (I don’t know why but this game really doesn’t get old for me), a few patterns emerged. It seems like no matter what the culture, there are 3 varieties of versions you can find on youtube: large numbers of children singing with angelic child photos, slick videos of celebrity singers trying to make the song way more complicated than necessary, and you generally get the feeling that deep down, they would much prefer to be singing something else, and fuzzy recordings with more or less the same set of Christmas-themed graphics, or a mixture of all of the above. Clearly the cheesy Christmas special is not just an American phenomenon. Here are some real gems:

Pretty much none of the versions available online sound much like the way I’m used to hearing them, which is also the way I prefer to hear them – sung by a group of friends and family.

Down with the NDAA

This latest defense authorization bill, which Obama has now said he will not veto, will allow indefinite detention for U.S. citizens without charge or trial. Indefinite detention is not fair or a good idea even for non-US citizens, but making it legal for U.S. citizens is pretty much throwing the Bill of Rights away. Specifically, the 5th Amendment, the part that says: “nor [shall any person] be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law”

Due process means you cannot be imprisoned without being first charged with something, then being tried for it, all according to standard legal procedure which gives you opportunity to make your case and ensures that the only people who are punished are those who are actually guilty of the crimes they’re accused of. This legal framework exists to make sure that the government cannot just drag people away in the night because they feel like it, based on the overarching premise that every form of power must come with some means of oversight, some way to correct or counterbalance it.

The argument we’re being sold now is “desperate times call for desperate measures,” and that allowing due process for terrorists would be spoiling them. The whole conversation on this topic ignores one really crucial fact: it is possible to falsely accuse someone of being a terrorist. Not only is it possible to falsely accuse someone of being a terrorist, but it’s really fucking easy, and it happens all the time. False accusations of terrorism, treason and all manner of criminal activity are the bread and butter of dictatorships.

For example, when Egypt’s (now ousted) parliament voted to renew the country’s emergency laws, which give government the right to arrest anyone, anywhere, at any time, for any reason or no reason, they claimed that the law would only be used for terrorists and drug dealers. And see it’s true, because what they mean by that is that pro-democracy activists, leftists, feminists, communists, etc. are terrorists. You just call all of your political opponents terrorists, and viola! You can throw them all in jail! Emergency law and the culture of impunity for abuses of power it creates is what made possible things like the murder of Khaled Said, the Alexandrian blogger who was beaten to death in public because the police didn’t like what he wrote on his blog.

And let’s be clear, when those emergency laws were put on the books, Egypt really was living through it’s own version of desperate times (that supposedly call for desperate measures) – Sadat had just been assassinated by terrorists. But I think it should be obvious by now that the emergency laws did not solve that problem, and definitely did not make Egypt safer. Giving the police and the government unlimited ability to do whatever they want with no oversight and no checks or balances makes everyone significantly less safe.

Not only have people falsely been accused of terrorism abroad, but of course it’s happened here in the US too. One prime example is the case of Abdallah Al-Kidd, an American convert to Islam who was detained in 2003 for 16 days as a “material witness” to a former co-worker’s terrorism case (Sami Omar al-Hussayen). The idea of a material witness arrest is that the authorities can arrest someone if there is sufficient reason to suspect someone who is supposed to testify as a witness may run away, and it’s not meant to be a long-term thing. Basically the Department of Justice under Ashcroft used this type of arrest as a pretext to detain people without charge. Not only was Al-Kidd never charged with anything, his former co-worker was found innocent of all charges as well.  That is not what justice looks like. I don’t think this was a case of someone arrested for political reasons using the accusation of terrorism as a cover, in all likelihood this was just plain old bigotry in action, but the point still stands that one certainly can be falsely accused of terrorism. I wonder whether we’ve gotten to the point where supporters of this insanity are OK with the idea that someone falsely accused of being a terrorist can be treated like they were one anyways.

In terms of using U.S. laws designed for terrorism for other purposes, that also has already happened. According to the ACLU of Massachusetts based on their inspection of a DoJ report, the FBI was spying on anti-war and social justice groups including PETA, Greenpeace, The Catholic Worker and the Thomas Merton Center in Pittsburgh as “potential terrorist threats.” In the case of the Thomas Merton Center, FBI employees tried to justify photographing an anti-war event the center sponsored using fabricated information, and by claiming that the centers events were attended by Muslims and people of Middle Eastern descent. Wonderful. Meanwhile, the Pennsylvania Patriot-News reported that the Pennsylvania Office of Homeland Security was “tracking groups engaged in lawful, peaceful protests, including groups opposed to natural gas drilling, peace activists and gay rights groups.” The outside organization they hired to monitor these groups was apparently not only feeding information to law enforcement but also companies who were the targets of these groups’ criticism.

In general, there is a great deal of precedent in the US and outside the US for using laws designed for terrorism against groups involved in non-violent political activism. According to a recent Associated Press report, more than half of the at least 35,000 people who have been convicted on terrorism-related charges were convicted in either Turkey or China, both of which are pretty widely recognized to use terrorism laws to suppress dissent. One of the anecdotes from that piece:
‘Naciye Tokova, a Kurdish mother of two, held up a sign at a protest last year that said, “Either a free leadership and free identity, or resistance and revenge until the end.” She couldn’t read the sign, because she cannot read.
She was convicted and sentenced to seven years in prison under anti-terror laws.”
Back to the U.S.: this is not some minor legal point, we are talking about a bill that strips the country of one of the most basic protections of our rights. Due process is one of things that makes a democracy a democracy. And maybe you think that our current elected officials wouldn’t abuse their authority, which is probably incorrect to begin with, but beyond that, do you trust that to be the case for every president and every authority figure, forever? This is not a road we want to walk down.

Now is the time to take a stand. We need to make it abundantly clear to our government that we will not allow them to sign our rights away and that nullifying due process is a line we will not allow them to cross. A lot of the post 9/11 anti-terror laws have been really bad and we need to address that, but Congress attacking due process for U.S. citizens takes it to whole other level.

So, the practical side. How to make a strong statement that this is not acceptable. First off, letter writing and phone call campaigns are a good start. Imagine the phones ringing off the hook at the office of every congressperson who voted for this bill, flooded with people saying this is not acceptable, or even, I will not be voting for you because you voted for this bill. Imagine unseating every congressperson who voted for this. That would get their attention. There’s also a number of petitions you can sign. Last week there were a number of protests, if I hear of others I will be publicizing and attending. But probably the most important thing you can do right now is call or email the White House and urge Obama not to sign this bill. He has said he won’t veto it, but so far he has not signed it yet, so it’s still possible to prevent this going into effect at all.

Call/Email the White House
http://www.whitehouse.gov/contact/write-or-call#call

Who voted for it:

Final Senate vote on the bill: http://1.usa.gov/NDAAvote

Final Vote in the House: http://bit.ly/NDAAHouseVote

Contact info for their offices:
http://www.usa.gov/Contact/Elected.shtml

List of Twitter IDs for senators who voted for/against the NDAA:

http://on.fb.me/TweetListNDAA

Also, don’t forget to thank the ones who voted against it. Positive reinforcement is always a good thing.

Petitions:

ACLU petition: President Obama, Veto Indefinite Detentions

http://www.aclu.org/blog/national-security/president-obama-veto-indefinite-detention

Amnesty International Petition: President Obama: Veto the 2012 National Defense Authorization Act

http://takeaction.amnestyusa.org/siteapps/advocacy/ActionItem.aspx?aid=516971&b=6645049&c=6oJCLQPAJiJUG

Care2 petition – Impeach All the Senators who Voted For Military Detainment of U.S. Citizens!

http://www.thepetitionsite.com/892/petition-to-impeach-all-senators-who-voted-for-us-is-a-battlefield-and-to-detain-us-citizens-without/

Additional information:

H.R. 1540: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012: http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=h112-1540&tab=summary

S. 1867: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=s112-1867

S.1867: http://bit.ly/S1867 and http://1.usa.gov/S1867b

How it unfolded in the Senate: http://1.usa.gov/NDAAsteps

Synopsis: http://bit.ly/NDAAsynopsis

NDAA Final Transcript from the Senate Floor: http://bit.ly/NDAAfinal

Glenn Greenwald’s analysis: http://www.salon.com/2011/12/15/obama_to_sign_indefinite_detention_bill_into_law/singleton/