Down with the NDAA

This latest defense authorization bill, which Obama has now said he will not veto, will allow indefinite detention for U.S. citizens without charge or trial. Indefinite detention is not fair or a good idea even for non-US citizens, but making it legal for U.S. citizens is pretty much throwing the Bill of Rights away. Specifically, the 5th Amendment, the part that says: “nor [shall any person] be deprived of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law”

Due process means you cannot be imprisoned without being first charged with something, then being tried for it, all according to standard legal procedure which gives you opportunity to make your case and ensures that the only people who are punished are those who are actually guilty of the crimes they’re accused of. This legal framework exists to make sure that the government cannot just drag people away in the night because they feel like it, based on the overarching premise that every form of power must come with some means of oversight, some way to correct or counterbalance it.

The argument we’re being sold now is “desperate times call for desperate measures,” and that allowing due process for terrorists would be spoiling them. The whole conversation on this topic ignores one really crucial fact: it is possible to falsely accuse someone of being a terrorist. Not only is it possible to falsely accuse someone of being a terrorist, but it’s really fucking easy, and it happens all the time. False accusations of terrorism, treason and all manner of criminal activity are the bread and butter of dictatorships.

For example, when Egypt’s (now ousted) parliament voted to renew the country’s emergency laws, which give government the right to arrest anyone, anywhere, at any time, for any reason or no reason, they claimed that the law would only be used for terrorists and drug dealers. And see it’s true, because what they mean by that is that pro-democracy activists, leftists, feminists, communists, etc. are terrorists. You just call all of your political opponents terrorists, and viola! You can throw them all in jail! Emergency law and the culture of impunity for abuses of power it creates is what made possible things like the murder of Khaled Said, the Alexandrian blogger who was beaten to death in public because the police didn’t like what he wrote on his blog.

And let’s be clear, when those emergency laws were put on the books, Egypt really was living through it’s own version of desperate times (that supposedly call for desperate measures) – Sadat had just been assassinated by terrorists. But I think it should be obvious by now that the emergency laws did not solve that problem, and definitely did not make Egypt safer. Giving the police and the government unlimited ability to do whatever they want with no oversight and no checks or balances makes everyone significantly less safe.

Not only have people falsely been accused of terrorism abroad, but of course it’s happened here in the US too. One prime example is the case of Abdallah Al-Kidd, an American convert to Islam who was detained in 2003 for 16 days as a “material witness” to a former co-worker’s terrorism case (Sami Omar al-Hussayen). The idea of a material witness arrest is that the authorities can arrest someone if there is sufficient reason to suspect someone who is supposed to testify as a witness may run away, and it’s not meant to be a long-term thing. Basically the Department of Justice under Ashcroft used this type of arrest as a pretext to detain people without charge. Not only was Al-Kidd never charged with anything, his former co-worker was found innocent of all charges as well.  That is not what justice looks like. I don’t think this was a case of someone arrested for political reasons using the accusation of terrorism as a cover, in all likelihood this was just plain old bigotry in action, but the point still stands that one certainly can be falsely accused of terrorism. I wonder whether we’ve gotten to the point where supporters of this insanity are OK with the idea that someone falsely accused of being a terrorist can be treated like they were one anyways.

In terms of using U.S. laws designed for terrorism for other purposes, that also has already happened. According to the ACLU of Massachusetts based on their inspection of a DoJ report, the FBI was spying on anti-war and social justice groups including PETA, Greenpeace, The Catholic Worker and the Thomas Merton Center in Pittsburgh as “potential terrorist threats.” In the case of the Thomas Merton Center, FBI employees tried to justify photographing an anti-war event the center sponsored using fabricated information, and by claiming that the centers events were attended by Muslims and people of Middle Eastern descent. Wonderful. Meanwhile, the Pennsylvania Patriot-News reported that the Pennsylvania Office of Homeland Security was “tracking groups engaged in lawful, peaceful protests, including groups opposed to natural gas drilling, peace activists and gay rights groups.” The outside organization they hired to monitor these groups was apparently not only feeding information to law enforcement but also companies who were the targets of these groups’ criticism.

In general, there is a great deal of precedent in the US and outside the US for using laws designed for terrorism against groups involved in non-violent political activism. According to a recent Associated Press report, more than half of the at least 35,000 people who have been convicted on terrorism-related charges were convicted in either Turkey or China, both of which are pretty widely recognized to use terrorism laws to suppress dissent. One of the anecdotes from that piece:
‘Naciye Tokova, a Kurdish mother of two, held up a sign at a protest last year that said, “Either a free leadership and free identity, or resistance and revenge until the end.” She couldn’t read the sign, because she cannot read.
She was convicted and sentenced to seven years in prison under anti-terror laws.”
Back to the U.S.: this is not some minor legal point, we are talking about a bill that strips the country of one of the most basic protections of our rights. Due process is one of things that makes a democracy a democracy. And maybe you think that our current elected officials wouldn’t abuse their authority, which is probably incorrect to begin with, but beyond that, do you trust that to be the case for every president and every authority figure, forever? This is not a road we want to walk down.

Now is the time to take a stand. We need to make it abundantly clear to our government that we will not allow them to sign our rights away and that nullifying due process is a line we will not allow them to cross. A lot of the post 9/11 anti-terror laws have been really bad and we need to address that, but Congress attacking due process for U.S. citizens takes it to whole other level.

So, the practical side. How to make a strong statement that this is not acceptable. First off, letter writing and phone call campaigns are a good start. Imagine the phones ringing off the hook at the office of every congressperson who voted for this bill, flooded with people saying this is not acceptable, or even, I will not be voting for you because you voted for this bill. Imagine unseating every congressperson who voted for this. That would get their attention. There’s also a number of petitions you can sign. Last week there were a number of protests, if I hear of others I will be publicizing and attending. But probably the most important thing you can do right now is call or email the White House and urge Obama not to sign this bill. He has said he won’t veto it, but so far he has not signed it yet, so it’s still possible to prevent this going into effect at all.

Call/Email the White House
http://www.whitehouse.gov/contact/write-or-call#call

Who voted for it:

Final Senate vote on the bill: http://1.usa.gov/NDAAvote

Final Vote in the House: http://bit.ly/NDAAHouseVote

Contact info for their offices:
http://www.usa.gov/Contact/Elected.shtml

List of Twitter IDs for senators who voted for/against the NDAA:

http://on.fb.me/TweetListNDAA

Also, don’t forget to thank the ones who voted against it. Positive reinforcement is always a good thing.

Petitions:

ACLU petition: President Obama, Veto Indefinite Detentions

http://www.aclu.org/blog/national-security/president-obama-veto-indefinite-detention

Amnesty International Petition: President Obama: Veto the 2012 National Defense Authorization Act

http://takeaction.amnestyusa.org/siteapps/advocacy/ActionItem.aspx?aid=516971&b=6645049&c=6oJCLQPAJiJUG

Care2 petition – Impeach All the Senators who Voted For Military Detainment of U.S. Citizens!

http://www.thepetitionsite.com/892/petition-to-impeach-all-senators-who-voted-for-us-is-a-battlefield-and-to-detain-us-citizens-without/

Additional information:

H.R. 1540: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012: http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=h112-1540&tab=summary

S. 1867: National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2012 http://www.govtrack.us/congress/bill.xpd?bill=s112-1867

S.1867: http://bit.ly/S1867 and http://1.usa.gov/S1867b

How it unfolded in the Senate: http://1.usa.gov/NDAAsteps

Synopsis: http://bit.ly/NDAAsynopsis

NDAA Final Transcript from the Senate Floor: http://bit.ly/NDAAfinal

Glenn Greenwald’s analysis: http://www.salon.com/2011/12/15/obama_to_sign_indefinite_detention_bill_into_law/singleton/

thoughts on the latest round of protests and state violence in Egypt

There are a lot of things one could (and perhaps should) say about what’s been going down in Egypt in the past few days, but the thing that most impacted me most was seeing the level of violence directed at protesters. It is truly unconscionable. On Monday a girl I know from the contemporary dance/theater scene, Nada al-Zatouna, was arrested in Tahrir. As I understand it, they were just grabbing random people out of the crowd. A number of her friends actually think she might be the women in the purple in this video around second 25, which shows security forces in police and military uniforms brutally beating protesters:

Nada was released Monday afternoon, thank God, along with a number of other activists, but according to another friend of hers on Twitter, they used electric shocks on her. At least 35 people have been killed, thousands injured. According to friends and bloggers, some protesters started writing their parents phone numbers on their bodies before going down. I read about one activist, Ahmed Harara, who lost his left eye in January and lost his right Nov. 19th. They deliberately aim for the eyes, someone actually caught security forces on video congratulating
one another on getting that one right in the eyes.

We also have seen the respect with which they treated the bodies of those they murdered: they dragged them into a pile of trash:
Video showing an officer dragging a corpse:

By the afternoon they had a whole pile:

8 unmoving bodies in tahrir, pic i took 3 hours ago, just got... on Twitpic

One of the men in that now famous photo is my classmate Yamila’s friend Shehab. She’s written a post about it on her blog… I can’t even begin to imagine.

Incredibly, despite the massive, massive numbers in Tahrir Tuesday night (and in squares all over the country), the SCAF in their statement claimed that no security forces shot at protesters. If anyone wants any proof, this video shows quite clearly that they are lying:

I have heard that some of the right wing talking heads and politicians in the U.S. have been claiming that this is all some big Muslim Brotherhood/Islamist riot, and I have to say they are either incredibly uninformed or bald-face liars. The Islamist political forces are against the protests (though somewhat critical of the crackdown) and claim it is a conspiracy to delay the elections, which of course they anticipate being good for them, so the last thing they want is for elections to be postponed. Hardly any have showed up to protest, and on Monday when one of the MB’s political party leaders showed up, protesters forcibly ejected him from the square because of the MB’s stance. But even beyond beyond totally factually inaccurate, I think it’s troubling that in the U.S. media universe, if a protest is predominantly Islamist, or more broadly if a country has Islamist political forces in it, then it’s OK for protesters to be murdered.

In terms of adding to press coverage, someone has gathered links from protests all over Egypt, trying to call attention to what’s going on not just in Tahrir. Even the news orgs that are doing a relatively good job have a tendency to just keep the camera on Tahrir square 24/7. I went to see a performance of people’s true stories from the January protests, one of the stories was of a protester in Alexandria talking about how the coverage of what was happening in Alex pretty much consisted of “Yes, Mostafa, there are indeed protests going on here in Alexandria, now back to you, live from Tahrir square!” I mean, we all have limited attention spans, you can’t get everything, but I just think how terrible to have people struggling and fighting, and no one pay attention. This is a collection of videos of protests in the past few days in cities all over Egypt.

The videos I’ve posted above are pretty disturbing (though not especially graphic in a blood-and-guts sense), but I’m sharing them because I feel you can’t understand what’s going on without really taking a look at the brutality. And particularly as an American, I think Americans should know where our tax dollars are going, know what this government that the Obama admin claims is a ‘force of stability’ is doing. Zeinobia has posted a number of other videos and photos on her blog, for anyone who wants to see more evidence of the violence, but be warned, she is really not kidding around when she labels things graphic, particularly the video of dead bodies at the morgue. I don’t recommend watching that video really to anyone unless you are a journalist and need to verify something, or you know, want to throw up and wish you could un-see it, which is how I felt after watching only seconds of the video. I think it is enough to say that one of the corpses was someone who was very brutally abused before dying, and their body has rotted or in some way been chemically messed with.